1. What is Wastewater?
2. What is Water Treatment?
3. How is Wastewater treated?
4. What is a Septic Tank?
5. How a Septic Tank works
6. What is a Septic System?
7. What is Liquid Waste?

1.What is Wastewater?
Wastewater is water that has been adversely affected in quality by human interaction or influence. It comprises of liquid waste that has been discharged by a domestic dwelling, commercial property, industry, and/or agriculture and can encompass a wide range of potential contaminants and concentrations.

2.What is Water Treatment
Water treatment describes the process of making water more acceptable for a desired end-use. The purpose of all water treatment process is to remove existing contaminants in the water, or reduce the concentration of such contaminants so the water becomes fit for its desired end-use. One such use is returning water that has been used back into the natural environment without adverse ecological impact.

3. How is Wastewater treated
Sewage treatment, or domestic wastewater treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater and household sewage, both runoff (effluents) and domestic. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its objective is to produce an environmentally-safe fluid waste stream (or treated effluent) and a solid waste (or treated sludge) suitable for disposal.

4. What is a Septic Tank
A septic tank is a commonly used small-scale sewage treatment system popular in areas with no connection to main sewage pipes provided by local authorities. For several decades septic tanks have been the primary method used to treat sewage and/or wastewater in rural Ireland. Only in the past decade, largely due to local authority regulation, have newer more advanced environmentally friendly alternatives such as waste water treatment systems started to grow in Ireland.

5. How a Septic Tank works
A septic tank consists of a usually concrete tank buried in the ground, connected to an inlet wastewater pipe at one end and a septic drain field at the other. The design of the tank usually incorporates two chambers, wastewater or sewage enters the first chamber allowing solids to settle and scum to float. The settled solids are anaerobically digested, the liquid component flows through the dividing wall into the second chamber, where further settlement takes place. The excess liquid then drains out in a relatively clear condition from the outlet into the surrounding ground. Over time the waste that is not decomposed by the anaerobic digestion eventually has to be removed from the septic tank, also known as desludging. If the sludge is not emptied it can overflow and clog the piping or decrease the soil porosity itself, requiring expensive septic tank repairs.

6. What is a Septic System
Septic System is a term used to describe the entire end to end system of removing and treating of wastewater and sewage. Not having the option to connect to a public waste treatment systems leaves home owners and more remote businesses with a choice of septic systems including Aeration treatment, Reed bed, Peat fibre, UV treatment or also a combination of some of these.

7. What is Liquid Waste
Liquid Waste is Wastewater that has been adversely affected in quality by anthropogenic influence. It comprises liquid waste discharged by domestic residences, commercial properties, industry, and/or agriculture and can encompass a wide range of potential contaminants and concentrations.